Jagdish Joshi, Obadia .Y. Mbilinyi
is one of the endangered languages in Tanzania. This study is on Kinga noun classes.
It is important as it adds knowledge to the studies on Bantu languages. The
qualitative approach was used in the study and data were collected by an unstructured
interview. From the observation by the researcher, Kinga has 19 noun classes.
Most of the classes have no immanent nouns completely belonging to a particular
class, different nouns like animals, objects and geographical features can fit
to different classes. Class one and two are the only classes that have defined
nouns belonging to them; they are nouns referring to human beings. In some
classes the nouns lack the prefix, the augment is used instead. There are
wonderful semantic features in Kinga noun prefixes. Prefixes can communicate
lot of information. The prefixes can communicate behavioral aspects of an individual.
is endangered by Kiswahili. Kiswahili lexicon has penetrated Kinga language.
Many Kiswahili words are used in Kinga. The contacts between the two languages
endanger Kinga. An account of Kinga
language is very minimal. With exception of the book by Schaderberg (1973)
about Kinga being a restricted tone system, Kinga language can only be read in
the religious books including the New Testament in Kinga written by SIL
international. The researcher recommends documenting Kinga and other vernacular
languages in Tanzania. It is vital for the future linguistic history.
Syntactical, morphological, phonological, semantic and other aspects of
language should be documented. Swahili
may have a treasure from which lexicon may be added to Swahili instead of
taking words from Arabic. Swahili is a Bantu language.
Augment, Bantu, Agreement, Kinga Language, Endangered
language, Noun class, Prefix, semantics.
VOL.15, ISSUE No.1, March 2023